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Jan Szczepanik: Polish Edison

Polish Edison

Jan Szczepanik (1872 - 1926) is an extraordinary figure in the discovery pantheon; he held several hundred patents and made over 50 discoveries, many of which are still used today, especially in motion picture industry, photography and television. Some of the ideas of the Polish genius influenced the development of television, such as telectroscope (apparatus for tele-reproduction of images and sound using electricity) or the wireless telegraph, which greatly influenced the development of telecommunications.

Szczepanik - little known today, was granted awards by royal courts. Spanish ruler Alfons XIII awarded him an order for creating a bullet-proof fabric, whereas emperor Franz Josef I relieved him from the mandatory military service, and, fascinated with a photosculptor (apparatus for copying sculptures), gave him a pair of pistols as a souvenir.

Before World War I, Jan Szczepanik carried out experiments with photography and image projection, as well as with small format color film. He holds patents for a new weaving method, a system of obtaining tri-color photography rasters and equipment for sound recording and playback. Following to the discoverer's idea, AGFA corporation produced its Agfacolor reversible paper; color films were also made for the first time, projecting 24 frames per second. Szczepanik's more significant discoveries include also colorimeter - a color control tool, an electric rifle and a color image weaving method, together with the automation of their production. The Polish genius also worked on a moving wing aircraft, a duplex rotor helicopter, a dirigible (before Ferdinand von Zeppelin) and a submarine.

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